Personal Injury Information Package – What you ought to Learn About Your Legal Legal rights

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Personal Injury Information



  • Know your legal rights.
  • Connect to the help that’s available.
  • Select the right lawyer for you personally.


  1. Make certain law enforcement have all the information they require concerning the accident.
  2. Record the addresses and names of involved parties and witnesses towards the accident.
  3. Keep the family physician informed of the injuries.
  4. Inform your insurance provider when practicable of the car accident.
  5. Inform your employer or school.
  6. Record what they are called and phone information of the medical professionals.
  7. Record insurance information.
  8. Keep receipts for those related expenses. Family people also need to record dates and time spent taking care of the hurt person.
  9. Look for other insurance policy (i.e., using your work, school or private plans).
  10. Speak to a personal injury lawyer and know your legal rights.


1. How do you determine if I’ve got a claim?

If you’re hurt within an accident, you might have the authority to claim against the one who caused or led to your injuries. Claims for compensation can be created for injuries endured in lots of situations and therefore are frequently covered with insurance.

2. Let’s say the accident is my fault?

If you’re hurt within an automobile, snowmobile, ATV, motorcycle or dirt bike accident, you’re titled to particular accident benefits (usually compensated from your insurance provider), even if you’re to blame for that accident.

 Further, concerning the conditions from the accident, you may even be titled to the advantages of other sources. We will help you identify individuals potential sources and acquire the advantages that you’re titled.

3. Where will I begin?

The initial step would be to determine for those who have claims. The fastest and surest method of doing this is to meet with a lawyer as quickly as possible following a serious personal injury since there are strict deadlines and deadlines that must be met to prevent delays or disqualification from acquiring compensation.

4. What should I be hurt in a car accident?

There’s a unique system for acquiring compensation associated with automobile accidents. Regrettably, it’s complicated. Our experienced professionals will help you obtain full and merely compensation.

There are two causes of compensation. Both described below:

  • Claims upon your own car insurance company or even the car insurance company of some other vehicle involved with the accident is known as the Accident Benefits Claim and
  • Claims from the at-fault driver are known as the Tort Claim.

5. Can One claim for other kinds of accidents?

Yes. In case your injuries were brought on by the negligence of another person, you might be able to seek compensation.

For accidents that don’t involve automobiles, accident benefits aren’t available. Generally, compensation for the losses won’t be compensated by the insurer before the finish of the situation. However, in a few conditions, we might be able to persuade the responsible party’s insurance provider to create funding payment.


  • Accidents involving cars, motorcycles, planes, motorboats, trains, snowmobiles, ATVs along with other automobiles.
  • Slips and falls on private or public property.
  • Injuries brought on by defective products.
  • Medical malpractice.
  • Assaults.

We know that you are uncomfortable handling a lawyer. Most people we represent haven’t spoken to some lawyer before. However, you will notice that the help of a skilled personal injury lawyer is informative and useful.

You may even have concerns about the price of speaking to some lawyer. Look for a lawyer who’ll provide free consultations, and often don’t require any payment before you receive compensation. Whenever you satisfy the lawyer, make sure you are accustomed to legal charges and charges.



If you’re hurt inside a car accident, regardless of who is to blame, you’re titled to accident benefits. These benefits are for sale to you against either:

  • Your car insurance company
  • The car insurance company associated with the other vehicle active in the accident or
  • The Car Accident Claims Fund (1-800-268-7188).

You might be entitled to the following accident benefits:

• Weekly benefits

– An advantage for lost earnings from employment, comparable to 70% of the gross earnings, to no more than $400 each week.*

– Should you be not employed during the time of the accident, a non-earner advantage of $185 each week (as well as in some conditions $320 each week). This benefit isn’t available until six several weeks have passed because of the date of the accident.

– In a few instances, should you be the main caregiver for an individual looking for care, a caregiver benefit as high as $250 each week, plus $50 for every additional person requiring care, might be available according to “incurred”** expenses.

* See reference of terms “Optional Benefits” ** See reference of terms “Incurred” Expense

Medical and Rehabilitation Benefits

• The accident benefits insurer is needed to cover an array of “incurred”** medical and rehabilitation expenses in addition to what’s compensated by O.H.I.P.:

– If a person suffers a non-catastrophic injury Up to $50,000 can be obtained more than ten years- or,

– If a person suffers a Catastrophic injuries-as much as $1,000,000 can be obtained over your daily life.*

– All charges and expenses for performing assessments, examinations, and preparing reports are compensated from your medical and rehabilitation limits.

– If a person suffers a small Injuries, only $3,500 can be obtained, except for certain conditions.

 Attendant Care Benefits

• The accident benefits insurer can also be needed to cover various personal care services, as based on a Work-related Counselor or Rn, that you need and also have “incurred”** following an accident, to no more than:

– If a person suffers a Catastrophic injuries-$1,000,000 ($6,000/month) over your daily life

– If a person suffers a non-catastrophic injuries-$36,000 ($3,000/month) for approximately 24 months or,

– If a person suffers a small Injuries, Attendant Care Benefits aren’t available.

Dying and Funeral Benefits

• $25,000 towards the victim’s spouse.

• $10,000 to every former supported spouse.

• $10,000 to each one of the victim’s dependants or even more when the victim didn’t have a spouse.

• $10,000 towards the person upon whom the victim was dependant.

• As much as $6,000 for funeral expenses.

The Accident Benefits Claim Time Limits and Forms

The insurance coverage process is extremely complicated and includes very specific deadlines that must be met to prevent delay or denial of the benefits.

On your initial consultation with Thomson, Rogers, we can help you complete the accident benefits application, at no cost.

This is a listing of a few of the steps that must be come to claim Accident Benefits:

  • Pick which insurance provider should spend the money on benefits.
  • You have to provide “written notice” towards the accident benefits insurer within seven days from the accident.
  • Complete a credit card application for accident benefits within thirty days of finding the forms out of your insurance provider.
  • Your treating doctor, as well as your employer, must complete certain forms.
  • If requested, you have to, within ten working days from the request, provide your insurance provider with the information they have to determine your entitlement to accident benefits, for example, hospital records and family physician records.
  • If requested, you have to, within 15 working days, give a health practitioner’s disability certificate.
  • If requested, you have to give a statutory declaration-a sworn statement describing the conditions that gave rise for your Claim.
  • If requested, you might be needed to go to a test under oath, where you’ll be asked by the insurer. If needed to do this, we urge you to possess a lawyer give fully handle your case.


  • The price of immediate family people and/or individuals coping with the hurt individual who visits during treatment or recovery. These expenses may include the price of meals, mileage, travel, and hotel. Don’t forget to maintain your receipts.
  • In the event involving catastrophic impairment, or where additional optional benefits happen to be purchased, Housekeeping and residential Maintenance Expenses, as high as $100/week might be available, according to “incurred” expenses.
  • Harm to clothing.
  • Lost education expenses for college students, to no more than $15,000.
  • Please be aware – a few of these benefits might be elevated in case your insurance plan includes additional optional coverage.


How do you proceed to have a tort claim?

  • Retain a personal injury lawyer.
  • They’ll give written notice of the intention to file a lawsuit.
  • They’ll make certain that accident benefit claims are correctly posted towards the insurer.
  • They’ll begin a suit inside the prescribed period limit.

So what can I claim?

Discomfort and Suffering

  • In an automobile accident claim, to be able to claim for the discomfort and suffering, you have to suffer a lasting serious impairment of the important physical, mental or mental function or serious permanent problem, for example, scarring. Normally, this is known as “the brink test.”
  • What the law states claims that your Claim for discomfort and suffering might be susceptible to a financial deductible. Which means that some of the Claim might not be retrieved.

Lack of Earnings and Lack of ability to Earn Earnings

• In the first week following the accident before the time your situation settles or reaches an effort, you can claim 70% of gross earnings loss. Should you continue being disabled from work, future earnings loss could be claimed according to 100% of the gross earnings loss.

• Generally, you have first to seek compensation for earnings loss from:

– any disability insurance and

– Your accident benefits insurer.

• When the causes of earnings substitute are inadequate to cover your own personal earnings loss, then yet another amount might be claim-able.

 • No earnings loss is payable for that first week following an accident.

Housekeeping and residential Maintenance claims in the tort action

• If you’re not able a home while you did before the accident, you are able to claim reimbursement for expenses you incur or will incur.

• You have to first seek reimbursement for housekeeping and residential maintenance expenses out of your accident benefits insurer, if available.

Healthcare Expenses in the tort action

All past, present, and health care expenses not included in O.H.I.P. or from your accident benefits insurer are claim-able in case your injuries pass the “threshold test.”

Claims by Family People

Family claims with regards to the lack of care, comfort, and companionship in a tort action

• Certain family people might be able to claim in case your injuries pass the “threshold test.”

• What the law states claim that the claims of one’s people might be susceptible to a financial deductible, although no deductibles are used in cases involving a fatality.


1. When and how must I speak with the insurer?

When you’re claiming accident benefits, you have to inform the accident benefits insurer and supply information meant for your Claim. Generally, your insurance provider will be sending an insurance coverage adjuster to satisfy along with you and discuss the accident as well as your injuries. Here are a few details to keep in mind:

– Remember that whatever you tell the insurance coverage adjuster goes to your file and may affect your future accident benefit and tort claims.

– Only speak with the adjuster when you’re medically able.

– Get legal counsel and know your legal rights before ending up in the adjuster. Why? Insurance providers cope with cases like yours constantly. This is likely the first time coping with an adjuster. Keep your arena level by knowing your legal rights.

– You’ve got no obligation to speak with an adjuster from the insurer from the at-fault person. However, if you opt to, it is recommended that you make contact with a lawyer first.

2. How do you complete all the forms?

When you’re claiming accident benefits, many forms must be completed before any benefits are compensated. Your lawyer will help you complete the forms throughout the initial meeting.

3. Let’s say the hurt person cannot decide because of incapacity?

 If the hurt person includes a severe injuries that stop the individual from making his very own decisions, then your household is titled to create decisions regarding treatment as the individual is limited towards the hospital. After that, you’ll be able to appoint an individual as an alternative decision-maker concerning the hurt person.

4. What should I be at-fault for that car accident – will I have claims?

Yes, it doesn’t matter how the accident happened or who caused it, your entitlement to accident benefits might be substantial, based on your injuries.

5. What must I do should I be hurt inside a car accident and should not work, visit the school or take proper care of the kids?

You will find benefits open to replace lost earnings and recover school expenses, as well as in certain conditions, to pay for daycare providers.

6. Let’s say I had been driving my vehicle without car insurance and it was in an accident?

You can’t pursue claims against any at-fault driver should you be knowingly driving your vehicle without car insurance. However, you remain titled to assert medical, rehabilitation, attendant care benefits.

7. How can the accident affect my insurance costs?

When the accident is the fault, your car insurance rates may increase. When the accident isn’t your fault, your car insurance rates shouldn’t increase – even though you claim for benefits.

8. Let’s say the accident happened as I was working?

We recommend you see a personal injury lawyer find out when the Claim ought to go after through the insurer or even the Workplace Safety Insurance Board (W.S.I.B.).

9. Who chooses the situation manager or treatment providers?

The hurt individual is titled to pick situation managers along with other treatment providers. It is recommended that you interview qualified medical professionals before you making an option. Lawyers, social workers, and insurers can keep you in touch using these professionals.



What the law states in Ontario places numerous rigid and unforgiving time limitations in your to pursue claims. If you don’t begin a suit inside the time limit, it’s possible that you’ll lose you to pursue claims.

The next deadlines apply:

• Car accident:

– Inform accident benefits insurer of the accident within seven days of the accident.

 – Complete accident benefits application within thirty days of the accident.

– Mediate and sue or arbitrate from the accident benefits insurer within 24 months of the denial of the benefit.

– Give written notice to the at-fault driver within four months of the accident.

– Sue at-fault driver within 24 months of the accident.

– Loss or harm to the vehicle – otherwise resolved, must sue within 12 months of the accident.

• A car accident brought on by slippery road or non-repair of the road:

– Provincial Road – sue within 24 months of the accident.

– Municipal Road – give written notice within ten days of accident sue within 24 months of the accident.

• Fall on the municipal (city) pavement:

– Give written notice within ten days of the accident, if brought on by snow or ice.

– Sue within 24 months from the incident.

• Accident involving provincial streetcars or trains (G.O. Transit, etc.):

– Sue within 24 months from the incident.

• Fall on provincial property:

– Give written notice within ten days from the incident.

– Sue within 24 months from the incident.

• Suit from the provincial government:

– Give two months notice before suing.

– Sue within 24 months from the incident.

• Accident and sickness insurance:

– Check the contract of insurance.

• Fatal accidents (dying):

– Generally, you have to sue within 24 months of accident (unless of course, a shorter limitation period applies).

• Victims of assault:

– Sue, within 24 months of assault.

• Public government bodies (O.P.P., municipal police, etc.):

– Give written notice within ten days of the accident.

– Give two months notice before suing.

– Sue within 24 months of the accident.

• Medical Negligence:

– Sue within 24 months from the moment you understood or should have known from the details giving rise to malpractice.

1. Will I need an attorney?

Seeking compensation for injuries is a complicated process. You shouldn’t make any decision without having to be fully conscious of all of your legal rights. Our company specializes in personal injury cases. We will help you understand your legal rights, so we can help you by using the following:

– Early analysis from the conditions all around the accident. This will be relevant, as witnesses move, recollections fade with time, and records aren’t always stored.

– Your insurance provider might not counsel you of all of the advantages to that you simply are titled. We’ll.

– Your medical service providers might point to that you’ll require services or goods that your insurance provider might not accept pay. We’ll use both you and your treatment team to access all reasonable and necessary treatment and rehabilitation services.

– We will help you in acquiring a good and finish settlement of the claims.

– Claims against someone at-fault for the injuries are processed with the legislation. This method is complicated, along with a lawyer, it is important to be able to resolve your situation in your own interests. We have the sources, skill, and determination to pursue your situation right through to trial.

2. What must I expect from my lawyer?

Lawyers should be ready to arrive at a healthcare facility or to your house to satisfy your family. There shouldn’t be obligation or fee billed for that initial meeting. Your lawyer must have an intensive knowledge of personal injury law so we can explain your legal rights in obvious language that you could easily understand. We are frank and open by what we can achieve for you and just what we charge you. We’ll provide for you an entire written explanation about legal charges.

3. What must I ask my lawyer?

Ask your lawyer to describe the legal rights and obligations you have and also the Claim that you might pursue. You need to ask us about our qualifications and depth of expertise in handling cases like yours. Be confident a personal injury lawyer is going to be ready to answer all your questions.

4. What the law states a firm’s website.

 The web site ought to provide up-to-date specifics of the firm, lawyer biographies, occasions, community participation, along with a personal injury resource directory that may help you find healthcare along with other relevant information.




Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (W.S.I.B.)

Canada: 1-800-387-5540

Ontario: 1-800-387-0750

Toronto: 416-203-4530

• Should you be hurt at the office or throughout your employment.

• Claims should be made within six several weeks from the injuries.

• In work-related accidents involving a vehicle, you might have the authority to want to receive accident benefits and pursue a tort claim, instead of accepting W.S.I.B. benefits.

Criminal Injuries Compensation Board

Toll-free: 1-800-372-7463

Toronto: 416-326-2900

• Should you be a target of crime.

• Claims ought to be filed using the Board within 24 months in the date from the incident.

Ontario Human Legal rights Commission

Toll-free: 1-800-387-9080

Toronto: 416-326-9511

• If you’ve been discriminated against or inappropriately ended out of your employment.

Canada Type of Pension (C.P.P.)

Toll-free: 1-800-277-9914

• For those who have queries about retirement pension, disability benefits, death benefit, children’s benefits, and survivor’s pension.

The Ontario Brain Injuries Association (O.B.I.A.)

Toll-free: 1-800-263-5404

• O.B.I.A. can keep you in touch with appropriate, local brain injuries associations located across Canada and also the U. S. States.

• These aren’t-for-profit organizations to help you and your loved ones cope with the results of brain injuries.

• They can provide sources for programs and services available in your neighborhood.

The Canadian Paraplegic Association of Ontario

Toll-free: 1-877-422-1112

Toronto: 416-422-5644

• A not-for-profit organization to help individuals with spinal cord injuries.



Accident Benefits – Benefits using money or assistance presented to persons hurt in an automobile accident, no matter who is to blame. Kinds of accident benefits include non-earner, earnings substitute, caregiver, attendant care, medical, rehabilitation, education, harm to clothing, visitation rights, housekeeping and residential maintenance, funeral, etc.

Adjuster – An individual who investigates and/or adjudicates insurance claims concerning an insurer.

Attendant Care – A kind of accident benefit a hurt person receives to cover care/assistance in their everyday living. Assistance might take the type of cooking, cleaning, enhancing the hurt person get outfitted or supervising the hurt person. The insurer might compensate the price of supplying attendant care towards the person supplying the concern, whether it’s a doctor or a relative.

Situation Manager (Qualified) – A rehabilitation professional who coordinates rehabilitation services following an injury. Catastrophic Impairment – Probably the most serious of private injuries. These include: quadriplegia paraplegia amputation of branch or impairment resulting in the total and permanent lack of utilization of an branch total lack of vision both in eyes injuries leading to an impairment of 55% or a lot of whole person brain impairment measured with a score of 9 or fewer around the Glasgow Coma Scale marked or extreme mental or behavioural impairment and severe disability from brain injuries measured while using Glasgow Outcome Scale. An individual getting a catastrophic impairment becomes titled to maximums of $1,000,000.00 for medical/rehabilitation needs, plus $1,000,000.00 for attendant care plus housekeeping expenses, payable within the duration of the hurt person.

Damages – The losses the complainant has endured due to the defendant’s conduct. These losses may take great shape, including compensation for discomfort and suffering lack of past, present, and future earnings healthcare costs lack social or familial relationships, etc.

Deductible – In lawsuits as a result of an automobile accident, after an award for compensation for discomfort and suffering, is made in the court or throughout the settlement negotiations, the award may in certain situation be reduced by statutory amount.

Defendant – An individual and/or corporation that’s being sued with a Complainant. Types of defendant corporations include an insurer, a leasing company, a town, a tavern, a house owner, a medical facility, etc. Most defendants in personal injury lawsuits are insured. A defendant’s insurer will often appoint an attorney to do something concerning the defendant.

Glasgow Coma Scale – A clinical test accustomed to determine brain impairment caused by any sort of accident. It is dependant on a proportion of 3 to fifteen, having a lower score frequently indicating a far more serious injury. A score of 9 or fewer usually leads to the individual being considered to possess sustained a catastrophic impairment.

Healthcare Expenses – A group of tort entitlement which includes products or services for medical expenses, rehabilitation, and attendant care.

“Incurred” Expense – New meaning of “incurred” necessitates the claimant to pay for or promise to pay for the cost and needs the company supply the service throughout the use, occupation or profession, by which he/she’d have normally been engaged, as well as the accident, or the person has endured a fiscal loss to be able to supply the service.

Insurer Examination/Section 44 Assessment – The insurer may appoint medical professionals of the selecting, to do assessments to be able to see whether to pay for an advantage.

Limitation Period – Whenever a person suffers an injury, what the law states impose a period limit to announce Claim. If a person does not issue the Claim inside the time allotted, all legal rights to compensation are lost.

Minor Injuries – A number of a sprain, strain, whiplash connected disorder, contusion, abrasion, laceration or subluxation, and then any clinically connected sequelae.

Optional Benefit – Additional Benefits purchased through the Insured or in some instances, a relative from the Insured. Personal Injury Law – The region of law which involves persons who’ve been hurt within an accident. Accidents include automobile, fall, medical negligence, boating, assault, etc.

Pre-Claim Examination – The accident benefits insurer may request an exam by medical professionals of their selecting, even before you make an application for benefits. The hurt person has the authority to refuse this assessment and could achieve this without penalty.

Complainant – An individual who has sued someone else, corporation or insurer (the “defendant”).

Statement of Claim – A document that begins a suit and claims “damages” from a number of defendants in line with the defendant’s functions or omissions causing loss, injuries or injury to the Complainant. An Announcement of Claim is usually made by the Plaintiff’s lawyer.

Statement of Defence – A defendant’s reaction to the Statement of Claim. It is almost always made by the defendant’s lawyer. Frequently, it’ll deny the allegations produced in the Statement of Claim.

Threshold – An amount of impairment or problem that the Complainant must prove to be able to recover certain compensation in an automobile tort claim. Which means that the injuries should be whether the permanent, serious problem (just like a scar) or perhaps a permanent, serious impairment of the important physical, mental or mental function. There are lots of court decisions which help an attorney focusing on personal injury law to counsel you about whether your injuries “satisfy the threshold”.

Tort – A place of law by which one party sues and seeks financial compensation (money) for injuries and losses endured due to the fault or negligence of some other party. This contrasts with accident benefits (no-fault benefits) where benefits are compensated regardless of fault.